What is a Stem Cell Transplant & How does a Bone Marrow Transplant work?March 04, 2019
You must have heard about bone marrow transplants and other medical terms in many movies like My Sister’s Keeper, Seven Pounds, etc.
If you have watched these movies, then you must have a basic idea about stem cell therapy. If you have not, don’t worry we will cover it for you.
We will explain to you each and every detail about bone marrow stem cell therapy.
Let’s get started.
What is bone marrow?
Bone marrow is a soft, sponge-like material that rests inside bones. It houses immature cells known as hematopoietic or blood-forming stem cells.
Bone marrow is an accumulation point for stem cells; these cells play a vital role in regenerative healing within the body.
Let us clarify that hematopoietic stem cells are not the same as embryonic stem cells. Embryonic stem cells can develop into every type of cell in the body.
While hematopoietic stem cells divide to produce more blood-forming stem cells, or they mature into one of the blood cells: white blood cells (WBC), red blood cells (RBC), or platelets. WBCs, help fight infection while RBCs fuse with blood to carry oxygen whereas platelets aid the body to prevent blood clotting.
Generally, hematopoietic stem cells are found in the bone marrow, but some cells called peripheral blood stem cells (PBSCs) are located in the bloodstream. Blood cells in the umbilical cord also contain hematopoietic stem cells. Cells from any of these sources can be beneficial during transplants.
During severe injury or surgery, these cells are heavily damaged and can lead to significant side effects such as pain, tingling, weakness, or numbness. It is where bone marrow stem cells and stem therapy look to solve the problem by stimulating the number of stem cells and promoting growth.
How is bone marrow stem cell therapy performed?
The process of bone marrow aspiration begins with giving local anesthesia to the patient, either the hip or lower back, numbing the specific area in the process.
Once comfortable, the physician draws bone marrow using a specialized needle, which is called bone marrow aspiration. The bone marrow is then broken down further to obtain the stem cells.
After accumulating the stem cells, they are then injected into the injured area. This therapy utilizes your body’s growth factors and repair mechanisms to stimulate healing. The stem cells have an extraordinary gimmick to transform into different tissues such as ligaments, cartilage, and tendons.
Usually, bone marrow stem cell therapy is effective for advanced tendon or joint degeneration when PRP doesn’t work.
Why choose bone marrow stem cells therapy?
Injecting bone marrow stem cells into the injured area forces the cells to start transforming themselves into tissues and work to replace and repair the affected tissue. The stem cells start healing the damaged area and instantly start improving tissue’s stability and thus, reducing the pain.
Bone marrow-derived stem cells (BMDSCs) have been crucial in improving the treatments of meniscus tears, tendinosis, osteoarthritis, injured cartilage in joints, disorders in the immune system, cancer, degenerations in joints and bones, labrum and labral tears and various other ailments.
This therapy utilizes the natural repairing ability of stem cells to provide a concentrated treatment to obtain ultimate healing results.
What to expect from this treatment?
Performing bone marrow stem cell therapy under local anesthesia helps the patient as they don’t endure any pain. This process may cause aching for a few days.
As there are chances of infection in the bone, this treatment is performed in a proper sterile environment. The entire process takes about an hour or two, and it helps the patients in treating conditions like:
Osteoarthritis/Degenerative Arthritis: This therapy can moderate the inflammatory response and pain that occur due to degeneration of spinal, knee, or hip joints.
Tendinitis: This disorder occurs when tendons suffer injury. Orthopedists use bone marrow stem cell therapy to accelerate the healing of these damaged tissues.
Degenerative Disc Disease: This disease is the deterioration that affects your intervertebral discs of the spine. The disc can collapse or bulge due to osteoarthritis or stress. To treat degenerative disc disease, doctors inject stem cells directly into the damaged area to form the damaged tissues of the disc to bear the pressure.
Facet Joint Disorders: Stem cell therapy is beneficial in reversing the gradual deterioration of the facet joints. Your facet joints play the role of the articulation points for spinal movement where two vertebrae meet.
Osteonecrosis: Osteonecrosis is also known as the death of the bone disease. It occurs when the skeletal and nervous system fails to supply adequate blood and nourish the bones. The physician uses bone marrow stem cell therapy to replace lost bone marrow and encourage bone regeneration.
Other than the conditions described above, stem cell therapy can also help with:
- Minimize joint pain with fewer medications
- Speed up the healing process
- Reduce the risk of future damage or injuries
- Increase, flexibility, functionality, sleep quality and range of motion
- Minimize nerve damage
- Increase collagen
- Generate new blood vessel and heart tissue
- Reduce hair loss, heal skin injuries and prevent scar tissue formation
- Safe process with fewer complications
Is bone marrow stem cell therapy safe?
As stem cell therapist prefer autologous treatment, the chances of infections and side effects are nullified. The stem cells used in the procedure are taken from the patient’s own body.
The autologous therapy also eliminates the immune system’s potential to reject the cells along with the risk of transmitting disease. This treatment leaves little or no margin for adverse reactions and complications.
Who would be benefitted with bone marrow stem cells therapy?
The list mentioned below is not complete, but these are basic guidelines for you to understand who might seek out this process.
- A person who needs long-term relief from pain
- A person who lacks joint bowing
- A person who has joint swelling that requires needle aspirations
- A person who is diagnosed with osteoarthritis
- Lack of joint stiffness
- Lack of joint stability
- Willing to get additional treatment for improved health
However, the doctor can always find exceptions as individuals respond differently to every treatment.
There is minimal pain associated with bone marrow stem cell therapy. Some patients may feel soreness and swell around the pelvis with a few bruises for a week, but these small pains will provide patients a recovered body within 4 to 6 weeks.
Moreover, unlike other surgeries, it does not require downtime for a lengthy recovery. The physician works with the patient to bring him/her back to a normal routine and ensures that his/her body gets the maximum opportunity for speedy healing.
If you are suffering from chronic pain, then don’t be a victim, try out bone marrow stem cell therapy. It will give you long-lasting pain relief without undergoing invasive surgeries. If you are looking for such a medical service provider, then Regen America is a one-stop solution.
Regen America is a center for regenerative medicine and therapy which drives doctors and patients to the life-changing benefits of regenerative medicine.
They are providing regenerative medical services like bone marrow stem cell therapy, platelet-rich plasma therapy, etc, to help people get rid of their pain easily and quickly. They have a team of highly qualified doctors that are highly trained in regenerative procedures. They provide services based on the problems of the patient so that the patient can receive significant benefits.
Moreover, at Regen America, the patients feel satisfied with our services as they repair their damaged tissue to restore normal function. We enhance their human performance by focusing on the body wellness approach.