Stem Cells From Baby Teeth- The New Found RouteMay 30, 2019
Whether you’re into medicine, scrolling through research, or genuinely looking for a solution, this article will give you details about what obtaining stem cells from baby teeth really means!
Here’s the thing about stem cells. They’re found in almost all parts of the body but are so deeply rooted that it might be impossible to harvest them, even for experts who deal with stem cell therapy in the USA every day. Another problem with them is that they look way too similar to their surrounding cells to be able to differentiate between the two.
That being said, did you know that there are more than 80 types of diseases that could be cured by using stem cells?
Time to celebrate, because researchers have just recently found that stem cells can be harvested from the teeth as well! Okay, mostly baby teeth and the wisdom, but still!
It’s such a big achievement, right?
Stem cells are present in permanent teeth as well, but there are conditions for harvesting these.
- There should be no trace of cavities.
- The tooth should have a healthy amount of blood flow.
- Should not be infected.
- Any other pathologies.
According to experts of stem cell treatment centers in the USA, the earlier the tooth has been harvested, the better the results of the stem cells from the tooth will be. This is because the cells are highly active at this age and the donor is also healthy.
Exactly how regular stem cells from the bone marrow or blood work, dental stem cells could benefit family members as well as the donor in the long run.
There’s a problem though.
Kids run around. They fall, and they break bones, teeth and tear muscle tissues.
Now, the bones can regrow with a little help. The tissues in the muscles can also be healed by medicines and physical therapy. Meaning, the blood supply is not cut off in these parts.
Teeth, on the other hand, is that part of the body, if broken doesn’t regrow due to the lack of blood supply. It can be said that the tooth that is broken, even a little, is dead.
Remember how the tooth needs to be free of cavities? This is because when you get a cavity, your tooth tries to protect itself from it by producing dentin to cover up the small hole caused by it. This is what dentists call “reparative dentin.”
Dentin, in easy to understand terms, is a hard layer that lies in the innermost part of the teeth. After this, comes “pulp” which is a soft tissue, that according to researchers of stem cell treatment in Pennsylvania and other parts of the USA produces stem cells. Stem cells in the pulp are what produces the dentin.
By studying the wisdom teeth, researchers found that these 3rd molars produce dentin. They also found that the composition of cells found in baby teeth was different, a combination that was half like bone and half like dentin. They named this substance as “dentin osteogenic material.”
Let’s move on to how the stem cells are harvested from the pulp.
The procedure needs to be painstakingly accurate because the tissue that adheres to the tooth is very soft. To reach the pulp, enamel and dentin are drilled through. Once the pulp is retrieved, it has to be mixed with an enzyme, which separates the cells from the other components of the pulp.
The collected cells are then put into a different container where they are left to regrow.
Again, there’s a catch! It’s not that big a deal, but you might want to keep reading the article.
If you thought, “Rather than going to the doctor right now, I’ll just wait for my child’s tooth to fall off” then you’d be surprised to hear that it might not work. Even a tooth that is about to fall off is not a good candidate for harvest because the blood supply is almost cut off.
Experts of stem cell treatment in the USA say that a fallen tooth will need to be preserved the right way and for a minimal amount of time to qualify for the extraction of the stem cells. As mentioned before, the nerve and blood supply should be alive for a successful extraction.
It would be preferred if the following tooth were picked for the process:
- 6 Upper/lower front cuspids
- 6 Upper/lower front incisors
To be honest, that’s a lot of options, considering how valuable stem cells are.
This is also known as the harvest zone, for obvious reasons.
Parents would have to plan at an early stage if they want to invest in stem cells harvested from their child’s teeth. The reason is reasonable. The best time to harvest a tooth would be when only one-third of the root is left.
It is very apparent that using the patients own set of stem cells to treat a current condition will lower the risk of rejection. Along with this, it will reduce the need to prescribe various anti-rejection medicines that weaken the immune system.
And while both of these are known to be true, the enormous scale of development in the field means changing the facts a little.
Fun fact: According to researchers of stem cell treatment in the USA, stem cells from the teeth are of the strongest types of cells as they can regenerate at a faster rate than cells from other parts of the body. They are also capable of replicating for a longer time.
You want to make sure that you get the stem cells stored with a bank that is trustworthy. At a place where the stem cells are taken care of, they could remain viable for almost 30 years! Then again, Do you think the bank will be around for so many years? That’s a risk you might have to take.
But hey! Don’t change your plans just yet! Even if this one bank shuts down, there might be other banks in the future that would have opened its doors for you!
Coming back to the number of years that cells can be stored for, agreed that it’s less than that of cells extracted from the bone marrow or the blood, which is more than 50 years. Stem cells from cord blood can be stored for about 40 years which is still 10 more years than cells from the teeth.
For most people, something would be better than nothing. Having a safety net to fall back on is better than having no choice at all.
Now, there are 3 types of teeth from which stem cells can be harvested:
- Baby Teeth– Let’s just say that this is where all the gold is. Baby teeth are the best source to get healthy and speedily regenerative stem cells.
The extra tooth that somehow just sticks out from the gums, but isn’t the permanent one is also a great option to harvest cells. These types of teeth are called “Supernumerary.”
When dentists extracted the supernumerary teeth, they found that the tooth had a complete root, healthy pulp, and sufficient supply of blood flow.
- Wisdom Teeth– Also known as 3rd molars, these are formed during the age of 16 to 20 and should be harvested during this time. It is during this developmental stage that the stem cells are highly active. Since wisdom teeth develop without matured roots, they tend to have more pulp in them.
Practitioners of stem cell therapy in Philadelphia, amongst others in the USA, say that the stem cells from wisdom teeth can be harvested at a later stage in life as well, without them dying out.
- Permanent Teeth– It would only be fair to say that permanent teeth have stem cells, but there’s proof to back up the theory that the amount of healthy pulp reduces with age. If you or your child is still at an age where the amount of healthy pulp is sufficient to harvest stem cells, you might want to rethink your choices.
Research in the field of stem cells is not new. The progress has been significant. According to some studies, sensation in a broken tooth of a child can be brought back even after it has chipped. With experiments and clinical trials all around the world, it has been discovered that the stem cells taken from a baby tooth can be cultured in a lab and then implanted on the broken tooth.
Science has always been interesting, but things have gotten better with the technological advancements and with doctors coming up with new ways to deal with diseases and much more.
You should visit your physician today, to gain more information about stem cells in general.
Considering the fact that you now have all the necessary information related to stem cells from teeth, you can meet with physicians at Regen America & get treated by the experts in the field. With experienced doctors, we are determined to provide you with the best treatment depending on your condition.